Liaocheng Peoples Hosp, Dept Endocrinol, Liaocheng 252000, Peoples R China.
Liaocheng Peoples Hosp, Dept Neurol, 67 Dongchang West Rd, Liaocheng 252000, Peoples R China.
Liaocheng Peoples Hosp, Dept Androl, Liaocheng 252000, Peoples R China.
Endothelial cells are vital to blood coagulation and maintain whole body hemostasis. Binding of endothelial cells to endothelial protein C receptor (EPCR) and thrombomodulin (TM) is essential to the formation of activated protein C (APC), one of the key factors regulating blood coagulation. In our study, we showed that resistin, an adipocyte hormone, suppresses thrombin-induced protein C activation in endothelial cells. Resistin treatment results in a reduction in EPCR expression, but not TM. Mechanistically, we demonstrate that resistin induces expression of the nuclear transcription factor SP-1, which could lead to downregulation of EPCR. Both inhibition and silencing of SP1 protein abolishes abnormal APC generation induced by resistin. Collectively, our data support a new role of resistin in disturbing APC formation.收起