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Quantitative spectral CT evaluation of kidney tumors with the stretched-exponential nonlinear regression analysis model

  • 编号:
    B32867353CB0FBFF7BB0C694B48DA005
  • 作者:
    Yang, Xiaotong(yangxiaotong)#[1,2] Sun, Wenge(sunwenge)#[1] Huang, Desheng[3] Li, Hui[4] Zhao, Yu[1] Li, Peiling(lipeiling)*[1] Liu, Yi(liuyi)*[1]
  • 地址:

    [1]China Med Univ, Dept Radiol, First Hosp, Shenyang 110001, Peoples R China.

    [2]Liaocheng Peoples Hosp, Dept Radiol, Liaocheng, Shandong, Peoples R China.

    [3]China Med Univ, Sch Fundamental Sci, Dept Math, Shenyang, Peoples R China.

    [4]China Med Univ, Dept Radiol, Shengjing Hosp, Shenyang, Peoples R China.

  • 语种:
    英文
  • 期刊:
    QUANTITATIVE IMAGING IN MEDICINE AND SURGERY ISSN:2223-4292 2021 年 11 卷 2 期 (676 - 684) ; FEB
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  • 关键词:
  • 摘要:

    Background: This study aimed to use the stretched-exponential nonlinear regression analysis model to explore the value of the energy spectral curve in the differential diagnosis of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), minimal fat renal angiomyolipoma (RAML), and hypovascular renal cell carcinoma.
    Methods: Sixty-five cases with renal tumors were enrolled retrospectively who had undergone a preoperative multiphase spectral CT scan of the kidney in pre-enhance and double-phase enhanced scanning. The normalized iodine concentrations (NIC) of these lesions, normal renal cortex, and psoas major were measured and calculated. The spectral curves of these lesions and normal tissues were analyzed to calculate the stretched-exponential index (alpha) and b value with the stretched-exponential nonlinear regression analysis model (y=-b center dot X-alpha). The differences between alpha, b value, and NIC of these lesions and normal tissues in preenhance and two enhanced phases were compared using one-way ANOVA. The correlation between alpha, b value, and NIC was evaluated using the Pearson coefficient test, with significance assigned at the 5% level.
    Results: There was no significant difference in alpha value between the groups in pre-enhance scanning. In the Cortical phase (CP), there were no significant differences in NIC and alpha value between minimal fat RAML and hypovascular renal cell carcinoma, or between ccRCC and the normal renal cortex. However, in the nephrographic phase (NP), a significant difference in alpha value was found between minimal fat RAML and hypovascular renal cell carcinoma, but no difference in NIC between them. In NP, there were significant differences in NIC and alpha values between ccRCC and the normal renal cortex. In CP and NP, there were significant differences between the psoas major and other groups in all parameters. For b value, in preenhance scanning, there was a significant difference between the psoas major and other groups, and between ccRCC and the normal renal cortex. There was no significant difference between other groups. After enhancement, in CP and NP, significant differences were observed between the psoas major and other groups in b value, but no significant differences were observed between all renal tumors and the normal renal cortex. A linear correlation was found between alpha values and NIC in CP (r=0.780, P=0.00) and NP (r=0.693, P=0.00). The b values and NIC had a low correlation in CP, with no correlation in NP.
    Conclusions: Quantitative spectral CT with the stretched-exponential nonlinear regression analysis model may enhance the differential diagnosis ability for renal tumors. Its clinical value remains to be further explored in other types of soft tissue lesions.

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  • 基金信息:
    Foundation of Science and Technology Department of Liaoning Province, China [2013225049]
  • 推荐引用方式
    GB/T 7714:
    Yang Xiaotong,Sun Wenge,Huang Desheng, et al. Quantitative spectral CT evaluation of kidney tumors with the stretched-exponential nonlinear regression analysis model [J].QUANTITATIVE IMAGING IN MEDICINE AND SURGERY,2021,11(2):676-684.
  • APA:
    Yang Xiaotong,Sun Wenge,Huang Desheng,Li Hui,&Liu Yi.(2021).Quantitative spectral CT evaluation of kidney tumors with the stretched-exponential nonlinear regression analysis model .QUANTITATIVE IMAGING IN MEDICINE AND SURGERY,11(2):676-684.
  • MLA:
    Yang Xiaotong, et al. "Quantitative spectral CT evaluation of kidney tumors with the stretched-exponential nonlinear regression analysis model" .QUANTITATIVE IMAGING IN MEDICINE AND SURGERY 11,2(2021):676-684.
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